Interesting facts about Azerbaijan


- Azerbaijan has such a unique climate, which includes 9 of the 11 climate zone classifications.  Due to this fact there is a wide variety of biodiversity.

- Azerbaijan is the first country with a majority of Muslim residents to perform operas and plays. Azerbaijan is also the first Muslim country to have theaters. First opera in the Muslim world was created and played in Azerbaijan in 1908.

- First Democratic Republic in the East was established in Azerbaijan in 1918.

- Azerbaijan has recognized women’s rights to vote in 1918, before France and the U.S.A.

- The First European Games took place in Azerbaijan in 2015.

- The first known fireplace and construction in human history, which is dated back from 700,000 to 500,000 years ago, was discovered in Azikh Cave, the largest cave in Azerbaijan.

- The Azikh cave is a total of eight thousand square metres and is said to be one of the earliest known caves inhabited by man (Azikhanthropus).

- Thousands of rock paintings in Gobustan Nature Park provide us with a glimpse of the life of the early inhabitants of the area. Norwegian scientist Thor Heyerdahl, famous for the Kon-Tiki Expedition, was interested in similarities between the petroglyphs of reed boats in Gobustan near Baku and petroglyphs in Alta, Norway. The reserve has more than 6,000 rock engravings dating back between 5,000 - 40,000 years.

- Oil Rocks (Neft Dashlari) is the first and largest town on stilts to be constructed at sea. Situated in the Caspian Sea, the town was built after 1947.

- The Nobel family of Sweden, who created the famous Nobel prizes, acquired much of its wealth from Azerbaijan's oil industry in the 19th century. In 1879 the Nobel brothers set up an oil company in Azerbaijan. The Nobel Prize was partly funded with revenue from the oil production business in Baku.

- Around the middle of the nineteenth century the world's first oil well was drilled near Baku.

- The Burning Mountain is a rare natural wonder in the Absheron peninsula. It burns all year round due to natural gas escaping from the ground.

- Azerbaijan and its Caspian coastline are home to nearly 400 mud volcanoes, more than half the total throughout the world.

- In the oldest national holiday of Azerbaijan, Novruz, children leave bags or small caps outside the front door of houses. They knock on the door and hide and, upon return, their bags have been filled with Novruz gifts by the home owner.

- Tea is the most popular drink in Azerbaijan. Traditionally served in a pear shaped glass, the drink is often consumed through lumps of sugar or jam, held in the mouth.

- The highest point in Azerbaijan is Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485 m).

- It is said that the founder of the religion known as Zoroastrianism was born in Azerbaijan. Zoroaster taught the existence of a single god, Ahura Mazda. His Holy Spirit was represented by fire.

- The ancient city of Baku was an important commercial centre on the Silk Road, the trade route from Europe to China.